Formation damage is an undesirable operational and economic problem that can occur during the various phases of oil and gas recovery from subsurface reservoirs including production, drilling, hydraulic fracturing, and workover operations. Formation damage assessment, control, and remediationare among the most important issues to be resolved for efficient exploitation of hydrocarbon reservoirs. Such damage is caused by various adverse processes, including chemical, physical, biological, and thermal interactions of formation and fluids, and deformation of formation under stress and fluid shear. Formation damage indicators include permeability impairment, skin damage, and decrease of well performance. The properly designed experimental and analytical techniques presented in this book can help understanding, diagnosis, evaluation, prevention and controlling of formation damage in oil and gas reservoirs.
Written by: Faruk Civan
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